Status of Ratifications

Status of RatificationsClick on the map located in the left to view an interactive world map showing the current status of ratifications, or scroll down to see the information in a table format.

Note: The boundaries shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the Secretariat of the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions, the United Nations Environment Programme or the United Nations.

List of Parties and Signatories

Basel Convention:

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal

Entry into force:
5 May 1992, in accordance with article 25(1).
Registration:
5 May 1992, No. 28911
Text:
United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1673, p. 57; and depositary notifications C.N.302.1992.TREATIES-9 of 25 November 1992 (procès-verbal of rectification of the original English text) (see End Note 2) C.N.248.1993.TREATIES-7 of 7 September 1993 (procès-verbal of rectification of the authentic French text); C.N.144.1994.TREATIES-4 of 27 June 1994 (procès-verbal of rectification of the authentic Arabic, Chinese, English and Spanish texts); C.N.15.1997.TREATIES-1 of 20 Februrary 1997 (procès-verbal of rectification of the authentic Russian text); C.N.77.1998. TREATIES-2 of 6 May 1998 (amendment to annex I and adoption of annexes VIII and IX) (see End Note 3) C.N.245.2003.TREATIES-4 of 27 March 2003 [proposal of corrections to the original text of the Convention (authentic Chinese text)] and C.N.321.2003.TREATIES-5 of 29 April 2003 [Corrections to the original of the Convention (authentic Chinese text)]; C.N.399.2003.TREATIES-9 of 20 May 2003 (Proposal of amendments to Annexes VIII and IX of the Convention) and C.N.1314.2003.TREATIES-12 of 20 November 2003 (Entry into force of amendments to Annexes VIII and IX of the Convention); C.N.119.2005.TREATIES-2 of 23 February 2005 [(Proposal of corrections to the original text of the Convention (authentic Spanish text)] and C.N.406.2005.TREATIES-6 of 25 May 2005 [(Corrections to the original of the Convention (Authentic Spanish text)]; C.N.263.2005.TREATIES-4 of 8 April 2005 (Proposal of amendments to Annexes VIII and IX of the Convention) and C.N.263.2005.TREATIES-4 of (Re-issued) of 13 June 2005 (Proposal of amendments to Annexes VIII and IX of the Convention) and C.N.1044.2005.TREATIES-7 of 10 October 2005 (Entry into force of amendments to Annexes VIII and IX of the Convention); C.N.1038.2007.TREATIES-5 of 14 November 2007 (Proposal of corrections to Annexes VIII and IX of the Convention) and C.N.119.2008.TREATIES-1 of 26 February 2008 (Corrections to Annexes VIII and IX); C.N.125.2008.TREATIES-2 of 26 February 2008 (Proposal of Correction to Annex IX of the Convention) and C.N.243.2008.TREATIES-3 of 7 April 2008 (Correction to Annex IX of the Convention); C.N.397.2008.TREATIES-4 of 27 May 2008 (Proposal of Correction to Annexes VIII and IX of the Convention) and C.N.609.2008.TREATIES-8 of 28 August 2008 (Corrections to Annexes VIII and IX of the Convention); C.N.644.2008.TREATIES-9 of 18 September 2008 (Proposal of correction to Annex IX of the Convention) and C.N.778.2008.TREATIES-10 of 28 October 2008 (Corrections to Annex IX of the Convention); C.N.284.2011.TREATIES-2 of 18 May 2011 (Proposal of correction to the original text of [the] Convention (French version) and to the certified true copies) and C.N.359.2011.TREATIES-3 of 20 June 2011 (Correction to the original text of Convention (French version) and to the certified true copies); C.N.760.2011.TREATIES-6 of 28 November 2011 (Proposal of correction to Annex VIII of the Convention) and C.N.824.2011.TREATIES-7 of 30 December 2011 (Correction to Annex VIII of the Convention).
Note:
The Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, was adopted on 22 March 1989 by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries which was convened at Basel from 20 to 22 March 1989. In accordance with its article 21, the Convention, which was open for signature at the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs of Switzerland in Berne from 23 March 1989 to 30 June 1989, was open thereafter at the Headquarters of the United Nations in New York until 22 March 1990, by all States, Namibia, and by political and/or economic integration organizations (see End Note 4).
Number of Signatories: Number of Parties: View Basel Convention page
Rotterdam Convention:

Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade

Entry into force:
24 February 2004 in accordance with article 26 which reads as follows: "1. The Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession. 2. For each State or regional economic integration organization that ratifies, accepts or approves this Convention or accedes thereto after the deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit by such State or regional economic integration organization of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession. 3. For the purpose of paragraphs 1 and 2, any instrument deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of that organization.".
Registration:
24 February 2004, No. 39973
Text:
United Nations, Treaty Series , vol. 2244, p. 337; C.N.846.2002.TREATIES-8 of 20 August 2002 (proposal of corrections to the original English text of the Convention); C.N.1029.2002.TREATIES-18 of 23 September 2002 (correction to the original English text of the Convention); C.N.10.2005.TREATIES-1 of 11 January 2005 (Adoption of Annex VI); C.N.11.2005.TREATIES-2 of 11 January 2005 (Amendments to Annex III); C.N.83.2009.TREATIES-1 of 5 February 2009 (Amendment to Annex III); C.N.139.2012.TREATIES-XXVII-14 of 8 March 2012 (Adoption of Amendment to Annex III).2, 3, 4, 5
Note:
The Convention was adopted on 10 September 1998 by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Convention in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. In accordance with its article 24, the Convention will be open for signature at Rotterdam by all States and regional economic integration organizations on 11 September 1998, and subsequently at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 12 September 1998 to 10 September 1999.
Number of Signatories: Number of Parties: View Rotterdam Convention page
Stockholm Convention:

Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

Entry into force: 17 May 2004, in accordance with article 26(1) see article 26 which reads as follows:
"1. This Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification acceptance, approval or accession.
2. For each State or regional economic integration organization that ratifies, accepts or approves this Convention or accedes thereto after the deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit by such State or regional economic integration organization of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
3. For the purpose of paragraphs 1 and 2, any instrument deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of that organization.".
Registration: 17 May 2004, No. 40214
Text: United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2256, p. 119; Depositary notifications: C.N.531.2001.TREATIES-96 of 19 June 2001; C.N.1204.2002.TREATIES-63 of 19 November 2002 [Proposal of corrections to the original text of the Convention (authentic Spanish text)] and C.N.157.2003.TREATIES-6 of 21 February 2003 [Correction of the original text of the Convention (authentic Spanish text)]; C.N.242.2006.TREATIES-6 of 27 March 2006 [Adoption of Annex G] and C.N.1017.2007.TREATIES-14 of 31 October 2007 [Entry into force of Annex G]; C.N.618.2007.TREATIES-12 of 5 June 2007 [Proposal of corrections to the original text of the Convention (authentic Russian text) and to the Certified True Copies]; C.N.524.2009.TREATIES-4 of 26 August 2009 [Adoption of Amendments to Annexes A, B and C] and C.N.546.2010.TREATIES-7 of 27 August 2010 [Entry into force of amendments to Annexes A, B and C] re-issued on 11 January 2011; (see End Note 2) C.N.811.2011.TREATIES-10 of 31 January 2012 (Proposal of corrections to the Chinese text of Amendments to Annexes A, B and C) and C.N.219.2012.TREATIES-XXVII.15 of 1 May 2012 (Corrections to the Chinese text of Amendments to Annexes A, B and C); C.N.703.2011.TREATIES-8 [Adoption of an amendment to Annex A] of 27 October 2011 and C.N.762.2012-TREATIES-XXVII.15 of 8 October 2013 (Entry into force); (see End Note 3) C.N.934.2013.TREATIES-XXVII-15 of 26 November 2013 (Amendment to Annex A); (see End Note 4).
Note: The Convention was adopted on 22 May 2001 at the Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Stockholm, 22-23 May 2001. In accordance with its article 24, the Convention will be open for signature at Stockholm by all States and by regional economic integration organizations on 23 May 2001 at the Stockholm City Conference Centre/Folkets Hus, and at the United Nations Headquarters in New York from 24 May 2001 to 22 May 2002.
Number of Signatories: Number of Parties: View Stockholm Convention page


Participant Basel Convention Rotterdam Convention Stockholm Convention
Signature Approval(AA), Formal confirmation(c), Acceptance(A), Accession(a), Succession(d), Ratification Signature Approval(AA), Formal confirmation(c), Acceptance(A), Accession(a), Ratification Signature, Succession to Signature (d) Approval(AA), Formal confirmation(c), Acceptance(A), Accession(a), Ratification
Afghanistan 22/03/1989 25/03/2013 06/03/2013 (a) 20/02/2013 (a)
Albania 29/06/1999 (a) 09/08/2010 (a) 05/12/2001 04/10/2004
Algeria 15/09/1998 (a)

Declarations

Declaration:
The Government of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria declares, with regard to article 20, paragraph 2 of the [Convention], that in every case, the agreement of the all parties concerned is necessary to submit a dispute to the International Court of Justice or to arbitration.
05/09/2001 22/09/2006
Andorra 23/07/1999 (a)
Angola 11/09/1998 23/10/2006 (a)
Antigua and Barbuda 05/04/1993 (a) 23/08/2010 (a) 23/05/2001 10/09/2003
Argentina 28/06/1989 27/06/1991 11/09/1998 11/06/2004 23/05/2001 25/01/2005

Declarations

In accordance with article 25, paragraph 4 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the Republic of Argentina declares that any amendment to Annex A, B, or C shall enter into force for Argentina only after it has deposited its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.
Armenia 01/10/1999 (a) 11/09/1998 26/11/2003 23/05/2001 26/11/2003
Australia 05/02/1992 (a) 06/07/1999 20/05/2004 23/05/2001 20/05/2004

Declarations

In accordance with article 25 (4) [of the Convention], the Government of Australia declares that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force only upon the deposit of Australia's instrument of ratification with respect thereto.
Austria 19/03/1990 12/01/1993 11/09/1998 27/08/2002 23/05/2001 27/08/2002

Declarations

The Republic of Austria declares in accordance with Article 18 paragraph 2 of the Convention that it accepts both of the means of dispute settlement mentioned in paragraph 2 as compulsory in relation to any party accepting an obligation concerning one or both of these means of dispute settlement.
Azerbaijan 01/06/2001 (a) 13/01/2004 (a)
Bahamas 12/08/1992 (a) 20/03/2002 03/10/2005
Bahrain 22/03/1989 15/10/1992 16/04/2012 (a) 22/05/2002 31/01/2006

Declarations

1. Arbitration according to the procedures adopted by the Conference of States Parties is the only binding procedure for the Government of the Kingdom of Bahrain regarding resolving any dispute on the interpretation or implementation of the Convention.
2. Any amendment to the Convention annexes A, B and C will not be binding to the Kingdom of Bahrain unless it is ratified according to the constitutional rules.
Bangladesh 01/04/1993 (a) 23/05/2001 12/03/2007

Declarations

Pursuant to Article 25, paragraph 4, of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Bangladesh hereby declares that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for Bangladesh only upon the deposit by Bangladesh of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval with respect thereto.
Barbados 24/08/1995 (a) 11/09/1998 07/06/2004 (a)
Belarus 10/12/1999 (a) 03/02/2004 (a)
Belgium 22/03/1989 11/01/1993 11/09/1998 23/10/2002 23/05/2001

Declarations

Upon signature:
This signature engages also the Waloon region, the Flemish region, and the Brussels-Capital region.
25/05/2006
Belize 23/05/1997 (a) 20/04/2005 (a) 14/05/2002 25/01/2010
Benin 04/12/1997 (a) 11/09/1998 05/01/2004 23/05/2001 05/01/2004
Bhutan 26/08/2002 (a)
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 22/03/1989 15/11/1996 18/12/2003 (a) 23/05/2001 03/06/2003
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16/03/2001 (a) 19/03/2007 (a) 23/05/2001 30/03/2010
Botswana 20/05/1998 (a) 05/02/2008 (a)

Declarations

[Pursuant to] paragraph 2 of Article 20, the Government of the Republic of Botswana declares that, with respect to any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention, it recognises both means of dispute settlement set out in this provision, as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting the same obligation under the Convention. This Declaration shall remain valid for the period that the Government of the Republic of Botswana is a party to the Convention.
28/10/2002 (a)

Declarations

... the Republic of Botswana declares pursuant to article 25 (4) that, with respect to it, any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for it only after it has deposited an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect to such amendment.
Brazil 01/10/1992 (a) 11/09/1998 16/06/2004 23/05/2001 16/06/2004
Brunei Darussalam 16/12/2012 (a) 21/05/2002
Bulgaria 16/02/1996 (a) 25/07/2000 (a) 23/05/2001 20/12/2004
Burkina Faso 04/11/1999 (a) 11/09/1998 11/11/2002 23/05/2001 31/12/2004
Burundi 06/01/1997 (a) 23/09/2004 (a) 02/04/2002 02/08/2005
Cabo Verde 02/07/1999 (a) 01/03/2006 (a) 01/03/2006 (a)
Cambodia 02/03/2001 (a) 01/03/2013 (a) 23/05/2001 25/08/2006
Cameroon 09/02/2001 (a) 11/09/1998 20/05/2002 05/10/2001 19/05/2009
Canada 22/03/1989 28/08/1992 26/08/2002 (a) 23/05/2001 23/05/2001

Declarations

Pursuant to Article 25, paragraph 4, of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Canada hereby declares that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for Canada only upon the deposit by Canada of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval with respect thereto.
Central African Republic 24/02/2006 (a) 09/05/2002 12/02/2008
Chad 10/03/2004 (a) 11/09/1998 10/03/2004 16/05/2002 10/03/2004
Chile 31/01/1990 11/08/1992

Declarations

Declaration:
The Government of Chile considers that the provisions of this Convention [. . .] help to consolidate and expand the legal regime that Chile has established through various international instruments on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal, whose scope of application covers both the continental territory of the Republic and its area of jurisdiction situated south of latitude 60oS, in accordance with the provisions of article 4, paragraph 6, of the present Convention.
11/09/1998 20/01/2005 23/05/2001 20/01/2005
China 22/03/1990 17/12/1991

Related notes

5. On 28 June 1999, the Government of Portugal informed the Secretary-General the the Convention would also apply to Macau.
Subsequently, on 9 and 15 December 1999, the Secretary-General received communications concerning the status of Macau from the Governments of the Portugal and China (see also note 3 under "China" and note 1 under "Portugal” regarding Macao in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume). Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Macao, China notified the Secretary-General that the Convention with the will also apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region.
6. On 6 and 10 June 1997, the Secretary-General received communications concerning the status of Hong Kong from the Governments of the United Kingdom and China (see also note 2 under "China" and note 2 under "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" regarding Hong Kong in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume). Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, China notified the Secretary-General that the Convention will also apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
24/08/1999 22/03/2005

Related notes

6. With the following declaration:
In accordance with the provision of article 138 of the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and article 153 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, the Government of the People’s Republic of China decides that the Convention shall apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China; it shall not apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China until the Government of China notifies otherwise.
7. On 26 August 2008, the Government of the People's Republic of China communicated to the Secretary-General the following declaration:
In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, the Government of the People’s Republic of China decides that the Convention shall apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
23/05/2001 13/08/2004

Declarations

In accordance with the provisions of article 25, paragraph 4 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, with respect to the People's Republic of China, any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.

Related notes

3. With the following :
In accordance with the provisions of article 153 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and article 138 of the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, the Government of the People’s Republic of China decides that the Convention shall apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.
Colombia 22/03/1989

Declarations

Upon signature:
It is the understanding of Colombia that the implementation of the present Convention shall in no case restrict, but rather shall strengthen, the application of the juridical and political principles which, as [was] made clear in the statement [made on 21 March to the Basel Conference], govern the actions taken by the Colombian State in matters covered by the Convention -- in other words, inter alia , the latter may in no case be interpreted or applied in a manner inconsistent with the competence of the Colombian State to apply those principles and other norms of its internal rule to its land area (including the subsoil), air space, territorial sea, submarine continental shelf and exclusive economic maritime zone, in accordance with international law.
31/12/1996

Declarations

Upon ratification:
The Government of Colombia, pursuant to article 26, paragraph 2, of the [said Convention], declares, for the purposes of implementing this international instrument, that article 81 of the Political Constitution of Colombia prohibits the bringing of nuclear residues and toxic wastes into the national territory.
11/09/1998 03/12/2008 23/05/2001 22/10/2008
Comoros 31/10/1994 (a) 23/05/2001 23/02/2007
Congo, Republic of the 20/04/2007 (a) 11/09/1998 13/07/2006 04/12/2001 12/02/2007
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 06/10/1994 (a) 23/03/2005 23/03/2005 (a)
Cook Islands 29/06/2004 (a) 29/06/2004 (a) 29/06/2004 (a)
Costa Rica 07/03/1995 (a) 17/08/1999 13/08/2009 16/04/2002 06/02/2007
Côte d´Ivoire 01/12/1994 (a) 11/09/1998 20/01/2004 23/05/2001 20/01/2004
Croatia 09/05/1994 (a) 16/11/2007 (a) 23/05/2001 30/01/2007
Cuba 03/10/1994 (a)

Declarations

Declaration:
The Government of the Republic of Cuba declares, with regard to article 20 of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, that any disputes between Parties as to the interpreta- tion or application of, or compliance with, this Convention or any protocol thereto, shall be settled through negotiation through the diplomatic channel or submitted to arbitration under the conditions set out in Annex VI on arbitration.
11/09/1998 22/02/2008 23/05/2001 21/12/2007
Cyprus 22/03/1989 17/09/1992 11/09/1998 17/12/2004 07/03/2005 (a)
Czech Republic
30/09/1993 (d)

Related notes

7. Czechoslovakia had acceded to the Convention on 24 July 1991. See note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
22/06/1999 12/06/2000 23/05/2001 06/08/2002
Korea, Democratic People´s Republic of 10/07/2008 (a) 06/02/2004 (a) 26/08/2002 (a)
Denmark 22/03/1989

Declarations

Declaration made upon signature:
Denmark's signature of the Global Convention of the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal does not apply to Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
30 April 2008
06/02/1994 (AA)

Declarations

Declaration:
Denmark deposited its instrument of approval to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal on 6 February 1994. This instrument did not confirm the territorial exclusion concerning the application of the Convention with respect to Greenland and the Faroe Islands, which had been made upon the signature of the Convention on 22 March 1989. The approval of the Convention in 1994 therefore includes both Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
11/09/1998 15/01/2004

Related notes

8. With a territorial exclusion in respect of the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
23/05/2001 17/12/2003

Related notes

4. By a communication received on 10 February 2012, the Government of Denmark informed the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw the declaration, made upon ratification, regarding the territorial exclusion in respect of the Faroe Islands.
Upon ratification on 17 December 2003, Denmark had notified the Secretary-General of the following: With a territorial exclusion in respect of the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
Djibouti 31/05/2002 (a) 10/11/2004 (a) 15/11/2001 11/03/2004
Dominica 05/05/1998 (a) 30/12/2005 (a) 08/08/2003 (a)
Dominican Republic 10/07/2000 (a) 24/03/2006 (a) 23/05/2001 04/05/2007
Ecuador 22/03/1989

Declarations

Upon signature:
The elements contained in the Convention which has been signed may in no way be interpreted in a manner inconsistent with the domestic legal norms of the Ecuadorian State, or with the exercise of its national sovereignty.
23/02/1993 11/09/1998 04/05/2004 28/08/2001 07/06/2004
Egypt 08/01/1993 (a)

Related notes

8. On 31 January 1995, the Government of Egypt informed the Secretary-General that its instrument of accession should have been accompanied by the following declarations:
First declaration: passage of ships carrying hazardous wastes through the Egyptian territorial sea:
The Arab Republic of Egypt, upon acceding to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, which was done on 22 March 1989 and is referred to hereafter as "the Convention", and, in accordance with article 26 of the Convention, declares that:
In accordance with the provisions of the Convention and the rules of international law regarding the sovereign right of the State over its territorial sea and its obligation to protect and preserve the marine environment, since the passage of foreign ships carrying hazardous or other wastes entails many risks which constitute a fundamental threat to human health and the environment; and
In conformity with Egypt's position on the passage of ships carrying inherently dangerous or noxious substances through its territorial sea (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1983), the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt declares that
1. Foreign ships carrying hazardous or other wastes will be required to obtain prior permission from the Egyptian authorities for passage through its territorial sea.
2. Prior notification must be given of the movement of any hazardous wastes through areas under its national jurisdiction, in accordance with article 2, paragraph 9, of the Convention.
Second declaration: imposition of a complete ban on the import of hazardous wastes:
The Arab Republic of Egypt, upon acceding to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of HazardousWastes and their Disposal, which was signed on 22 March 1989 and is referred to below as "the Convention", and
In accordance with article 26 of the Convention, declares that:
In accordance with its sovereign rights and with article 4, paragraph 1( a ), of the Convention, a complete ban is imposed on the import of all hazardous or other wastes and on their disposal on the territory of the Arab Republic of Egypt. This confirms Egypt's position that the transportation of such wastes constitutes a fundamental threat to the health of people, animals and plants and to the environment.
Third declaration:
The Governments of Bahrain, Belgium, Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Denmark, Egypt, the Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, the German Democratic Republic, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Namibia, Netherlands, Niger, Norway, the Philippines, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Senegal,Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well as the Commission of the European Union, which will sign the Convention and/or the final document referring to the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (referred to hereinafter as "the Convention"),
Concerned that the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes constitutes a great danger to the health of both humans and the environment,
Considering that the developing countries have a limited ability to manage wastes, especially hazardous wastes, in an environmentally sound manner,
Believing that a reduction in the production of hazardous wastes and their disposal in environmentally sound conditions in the country which exports them must be the goal of waste management policy,
Convinced that the gradual cessation of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes will undoubtedly be a major incentive to the development of appropriate national facilities for the disposal of wastes,
Recognizing the right of every State to bane import to or export from its territory of hazardous wastes,
Welcoming the signature of the Convention,
Believing it necessary, before applying the provisions of the Convention, to impose immediate and effective control on transboundary movement operations, especially to developing countries, and to reduce them,
Declare the following:
1. The signatories to this Convention affirm their strong determination that wastes should be disposed of in the country of production.
2. The signatories to this Convention request States which accede to the Convention to do so, by making every possible effort to effect a gradual cessation of the import and export of wastes for reasons other than their disposal in facilities which will be set up within the framework of regional cooperation.
3. The signatories to this Convention will not permit wastes to be imported to or exported from countries deficient in the technical, administrative and legal expertise in administering wastes and disposing of them in an environmentally sound manner.
4. The signatories to this Convention affirm the importance of assistance to develop appropriate facilities intended for the final disposal of wastes produced by countries referred to in paragraph 3 above.
5. The signatories to this Convention stress the need to take effective measures within the framework of the Convention to enable wastes to be reduced to the lowest possible level and to be recycled.
Note:
Belgium considers that its declaration does not prejudice the import to its territory of wastes classified as primary or secondary materials.
These declarations were not transmitted to the Secretary-General at the time the instrument of accession. In keeping with the depositary practice followed in similar cases, the Secretary-General proposed to receive the declarations in question for deposit in the absence of any objection on the part of any of the Contracting States, either to the deposit itself or tothe procedure envisaged, within a period of 90 days from the date of their circulation (i.e., 17 July 1995).
In this connexion, the Secretary-General received the following objections on the dates indicated hereinafter:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (9 October 1995):
"The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland cannot accept the first declaration of Egypt (passage of ships carrying hazardous wastes through the Egyptian territorial sea) [...]. Not only was this declaration out of time, but like all other declarations to similar effect, it is unacceptable in substance. In this connection the United Kingdom Government recalls its own statement upon signature confirmed upon ratification:
[For the text of the statement, see under "Reservations and Declarations".]
Finland (13 October 1995):
... "In the view of the Government of Finland the declarations of Egypt raise certain legal questions. Article 26.1 of the Basel Convention prohibits any reservation or exception to the Convention. However, according to article 26.2 a State can, when acceding to the Convention, make declarationsor statements `with a view, inter alia , to the harmonization of its laws and regulations with the provisions of this Convention ...'.
Without taking any stand to the content of the declarations, which appear to be reservations in nature, the Government of Finland refers to article 26.2 of the Basel Convention and notes that the declarations of Egypt have been made too late. For this reason the Government of Finland objects to the declarations and considers them devoid of legal effect."
Italy (13 October 1995):
... The Italian Government objects to the deposit of the aforementioned declarations since, in its opinion, they should be considered as reservations to the Basel Convention and the possibility of making reservations is excluded under article 26, paragraph 1, of the Convention.
In any event, article 26, paragraph 2, stipulates that a State may, within certain limits, formulate declarations only “when signing, ratifying, accepting, approving, ... confirming or acceding to this Convention”.
For these reasons, the deposit of the aforementioned declarations cannot be allowed, regardless of their content.
Netherlands (13 October 1995):
"While the second and the third declarations do not call for observations by the Kingdom, the first declaration establishing the requirement of prior permission for passage through the Egyptian territorial sea is not acceptable.
The Kingdom of the Netherlands considers the first declaration to be a reservation to the (Basel) Convention. The Convention explicitly prohibits the making of reservations in article 26 par. 1. Moreover, this reservation has been made two years after the accession of Egypt to the (Basel) Convention, and therefore too late.
Consequently the Kingdom of the Netherlands considers the declaration on the requirement of prior permission for passage through the territorial sea made by Egypt a reservation which is null and void."
Sweden (16 October 1995):
"The Government of Sweden cannot accept the declarations made by the Government of Egypt [...].
First, these declarations were made almost two years after the accession by Egypt contrary to the rule laid down in article 26, paragraph 2 of the Basel Convention.
Second, the content of the first of these declarations must be understood to constitute a reservation to the Convention, whereas the Basel Convention explicitly prohibits reservations (article 26, paragraph 1).
Thus, the Government of Sweden considers these declarations null and void."
In view of the above and in keeping with the depositary practice followed in such cases, the Secretary-general has taken the view that he is not in a position to accept these declarations for deposit.
17/05/2002 02/05/2003
El Salvador 22/03/1990 13/12/1991 16/02/1999 08/09/1999 30/07/2001 27/05/2008

Declarations

Reservation:
With respect to the provisions of article 18 of this Convention, the Republic of El Salvador does not consider itself bound by the provisions of paragraph 2 of that article in that it does not recognize the compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice.
Equatorial Guinea 07/02/2003 (a) 07/02/2003 (a)
Eritrea 10/03/2005 (a) 10/03/2005 (a) 10/03/2005 (a)
Estonia 21/07/1992 (a) 13/06/2006 (a)

Declarations

With respect to any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention, the Republic of Estonia recognizes both of the means of dispute settlement stated in Article 20, paragraph 2 as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting the same obligation.
07/11/2008 (a)

Declarations

Upon accession:
1) In accordance with Article 25, paragraph 4 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, any amendment to Annex A, B and C of the Convention shall enter into force for the Republic of Estonia only after the Republic of Estonia has deposited its instrument of approval to the amendment;
2) As a Member State of the European Community the Republic of Estonia has transferred its competence to the European Community in fields governed by this Convention and listed in the declaration annexed to the Council Decision of 14 October 2004 concerning the conclusion, on behalf of the European Community, of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (2006/507/EC).
Ethiopia 12/04/2000 (a) 09/01/2003 (a) 17/05/2002 09/01/2003
European Union 22/03/1989 07/02/1994 (AA) 11/09/1998 20/12/2002 (AA)

Declarations

The European Community declares that, in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 175(l) thereof, it is competent to enter into international agreements, and to implement the obligations resulting therefrom, which contribute to the pursuit of the following objectives:
Preserving, Protecting and improving the quality of the environment;
protecting human health;
prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources;
promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems.
Moreover, the European Community declares that it has already adopted legal instruments, including a Regulation of the European Parliament and the Council concerning the export and import of dangerous chemicals, binding on its Member States, covering matters governed by this Convention, and will submit and update, as appropriate, a list of those legal instruments to the Secretariat of the Convention.
The European Community is responsible for the performance of those obligations resulting from the Convention which are covered by Community law in force.
The exercise of Community competence is, by its nature, subject to continuous development.
23/05/2001 16/11/2004 (AA)

Declarations

Declaration in accordance with article 25 (3) :
The Community declares that, in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular article 175 thereof, it is competent for entering into international environmental agreements, and for implementing the obligations resulting therefrom, which contribute to the pursuit of the following objectives:
- Preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment,
- Protecting human health,
- Prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources,
- Promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems.
Moreover, the Community declares that it has already adopted legal instruments, binding on its Member States, covering matters governed by this Convention, and will submit and update, as appropriate, a list of those legal instruments to the Conference of the Parties in accordance with article 15 (1) of the Convention.
The Community is responsible for the performance of those obligations resulting from the Convention which are covered by Community law in force.
The exercise of Community competence is, by its nature, subject to continuous development.
Fiji 14/06/2001 20/06/2001
Finland 22/03/1989 19/11/1991 (A) 11/09/1998 04/06/2004 (a) 23/05/2001 03/09/2002 (A)
France 22/03/1989 01/07/1991 (AA) 11/09/1998 17/02/2004 (AA) 23/05/2001 17/02/2004 (AA)
Gabon 06/06/2008 (a) 18/12/2003 (a) 21/05/2002 07/05/2007
Gambia 15/12/1997 (a) 26/02/2002 (a) 23/05/2001 28/04/2006
Georgia 20/05/1999 (a) 27/02/2007 (a) 23/05/2001 04/10/2006
Germany 23/10/1989

Declarations

Declaration made upon signature and confirmed upon ratification:
It is the understanding of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany that the provisions in article 4, paragraph 12 of this Convention shall in no way affect the exercise of navigation rights and freedoms as provided for in international law. Accordingly, it is the view of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany that nothing in this Convention shall be deemed to require the giving of notice to or the consent of any State for the passage of hazardous wastes on a vessel under the flag of a party exercising its right of innocent passage through the territorial sea or the freedom of navigation in an exclusive economic zone under international law.
21/04/1995

Related notes

9. The German Democratic Republic had signed the Convention on 19 March 1989. See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
11/09/1998 11/01/2001 23/05/2001 25/04/2002
Ghana 30/05/2003 (a) 11/09/1998 30/05/2003 23/05/2001 30/05/2003
Greece 22/03/1989 04/08/1994 11/09/1998 23/12/2003 23/05/2001 03/05/2006
Guatemala 22/03/1989 15/05/1995 19/04/2010 (a) 29/01/2002 30/07/2008

Declarations

In accordance with article 25, paragraph 4 of the aforementioned Convention, the Government of the Republic of Guatemala declares that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for Guatemala only after it has deposited its instrument of accession or ratification.
Guinea 26/04/1995 (a) 07/09/2000 (a) 23/05/2001 11/12/2007
Guinea-Bissau 09/02/2005 (a) 10/09/1999 12/06/2008 24/04/2002 06/08/2008
Guyana 04/04/2001 (a) 25/06/2007 (a) 12/09/2007 (a)
Haiti 22/03/1989 23/05/2001
Honduras 27/12/1995 (a) 26/09/2011 (a) 17/05/2002 23/05/2005
Hungary 22/03/1989 21/05/1990 (AA) 10/09/1999 31/10/2000 23/05/2001 14/03/2008
Iceland 28/06/1995 (a) 23/05/2001 29/05/2002
India 15/03/1990 24/06/1992 24/05/2005 (a) 14/05/2002 13/01/2006

Declarations

28 March 2006
Any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.
Indonesia 20/09/1993 (a)

Declarations

Declaration:
Mindful of the need to adjust the existing national laws and regulations, the provisions of article 3 (1) of this Convention shall only be implemented by Indonesia after the new revised laws and regulations have been enacted and entered into force.
09/11/1998 24/09/2013 23/05/2001 28/09/2009
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 05/01/1993 (a) 17/02/1999 26/08/2004 23/05/2001 06/02/2006
Iraq 02/05/2011 (a) 08/03/2016 (a)
Ireland 19/01/1990 07/02/1994 10/06/2005 (a) 23/05/2001 05/08/2010
Israel 22/03/1989 14/12/1994 20/05/1999 03/10/2011

Declarations

Declaration:
Pursuant to article 20, paragraph 2 of the Convention, the Government of the State of Israel declares that with respect to any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of the convention, it recognizes only (a) Arbitration in accordance with procedures to be adopted by the Conference of the Parties in an annex as soon as practicable.
Declaration:
The Government of the State of Israel has noted that the instrument of ratification of the Syrian Arab Republic to the abovementioned Convention contains a declaration with respect to the State of Israel. The Government of the State of Israel considers that such a declaration, which is explicitly of a political nature, is incompatible with the purposes and objectives of the Convention.
The Government of the State of Israel therefore objects to the aforesaid declaration made by the Syrian Arab Republic.

Objections

13 January 2004
With regard to the declaration made by the Syrian Arab Republic upon ratification :
"The Government of the State of Israel has noted that the instrument of ratification of the Syrian Arab Republic to the abovementioned Convention contains a declaration with respect to the State of Israel. The Government of the State of Israel considers that such declaration, which is explicitly of a political nature, is incompatible with the purposes and objectives of the Convention.
The Government of the State of Israel therefore objects to the aforesaid declaration made by the Syrian Arab Republic."
30/07/2001
Italy 22/03/1989 07/02/1994

Declarations

Declaration made on 30 March 1990 and confirmed upon ratification:
The Government of Italy declares ... that it is in favour of the establishment of a global control system for the environmentally sound management of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes.

Objections

The Government of Italy, in expressing its objections vis-à-vis the declarations made, upon signature, by the Governments of Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Uruguay and Venezuela, as well as other declarations of similar tenor that might be made in the future, considers that no provision of this Convention should be interpreted as restricting navigational rights recognized by international law. Consequently, a State party is not obliged to notify any other State or obtain authorization from it for simple passage through the territorial sea or the exercise of freedom of navigation in the exclusive economic zone by a vessel showing its flag and carrying a cargo of hazardous wastes.
11/09/1998 27/08/2002 23/05/2001
Jamaica 23/01/2003 (a) 20/08/2002 (a) 23/05/2001 01/06/2007
Japan 17/09/1993 (a)

Declarations

Declaration:
The Government of Japan declares that nothing in the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal be interpreted as requiring notice to or consent of any State for the mere passage of hazardous wastes or other wastes on a vessel exercising navigational rights and freedoms, as paragraph 12 of article 4 of the said Convention stipulates that nothing in the Convention shall affect in any way the exercise of navigational rights and freedoms as provided for in international law and as reflected in relevant international instruments.
31/08/1999 15/06/2004 30/08/2002 (a)
Jordan 22/03/1989 22/06/1989 (AA) 22/07/2002 (a) 18/01/2002 08/11/2004
Kazakhstan 03/06/2003 (a) 01/11/2007 (a) 23/05/2001 09/11/2007
Kenya 01/06/2000 (a) 11/09/1998 03/02/2005 23/05/2001 24/09/2004
Kiribati 07/09/2000 (a) 04/04/2002 07/09/2004
Korea, Republic of 28/02/1994 (a) 07/09/1999 11/08/2003 04/10/2001 25/01/2007

Declarations

The Republic of Korea, in accordance with Article 25, paragraph 4 of the Convention, declares that, with respect to the Republic of Korea, any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.
Kuwait 22/03/1989 11/10/1993 11/09/1998 12/05/2006 23/05/2001 12/06/2006
Kyrgyzstan 13/08/1996 (a) 11/08/1999 25/05/2000 16/05/2002 12/12/2006
Lao People´s Democratic Republic 21/09/2010 (a) 09/10/2010 (a) 05/03/2002 28/06/2006
Latvia 14/04/1992 (a) 23/04/2003 (a) 23/05/2001 28/10/2004
Lebanon 22/03/1989

Declarations

Upon signature:
[Lebanon] declares that [it] can under no circumstances permit burial of toxic and other wastes in any of the areas subject to its legal authority which they have entered illegally. In 1988, Lebanon announced a total ban on the import of such wastes and adopted Act No. 64/88 of 12 August 1988 to that end. In all such situations, Lebanon will endeavour to co-operate with the States concerned, and with the other States parties, in accordance with the provisions of this treaty.
21/12/1994 13/11/2006 (a) 23/05/2001 03/01/2003
Lesotho 31/05/2000 (a) 30/05/2008 (a) 23/01/2002 23/01/2002
Liberia 22/09/2004 (a) 22/09/2004 (a) 23/05/2002 (a)
Libya 12/07/2001 (a) 09/07/2002 (a) 14/06/2005 (a)
Liechtenstein 22/03/1989 27/01/1992 18/06/2004 (a) 23/05/2001 03/12/2004

Declarations

The Principality of Liechtenstein declares in accordance with Article 18 paragraph 2 of the Convention that it accepts both of the means of dispute settlement mentioned in this paragraph as compulsory in relation to any party accepting an obligation concerning one or both of these means of dispute settlement.
Lithuania 22/04/1999 (a) 17/03/2004 (a) 17/05/2002 05/12/2006
Luxembourg 22/03/1989 07/02/1994 11/09/1998 28/08/2002 23/05/2001 07/02/2003
Madagascar 02/06/1999 (a) 08/12/1998 22/09/2004 24/09/2001 18/11/2005
Malawi 21/04/1994 (a) 27/02/2009 (a) 22/05/2002 27/02/2009
Malaysia 08/10/1993 (a) 04/09/2002 (a) 16/05/2002
Maldives 28/04/1992 (a) 17/10/2006 (a) 17/10/2006 (a)
Mali 05/12/2000 (a) 11/09/1998 05/06/2003 23/05/2001 05/09/2003
Malta 19/06/2000 (a) 23/05/2001
Marshall Islands 27/01/2003 (a) 27/01/2003 (a) 27/01/2003 (a)
Mauritania 16/08/1996 (a) 01/09/1999 22/07/2005 (A) 08/08/2001 22/07/2005
Mauritius 24/11/1992 (a) 05/08/2005 (a) 23/05/2001 13/07/2004

Declarations

Pursuant to Article 25, paragraph 4, of the Stockholm Convention on Persistant Organic Pollutants, the Republic of Mauritius declares that any amendments to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for the Republic of Mauritius only upon the deposit by the Republic of Mauritius of its instrument of Ratification, Acceptance, Approval or Accession with respect thereto.
Mexico 22/03/1989

Declarations

Declaration made upon signature and confirmed upon ratification:
Mexico is signing ad referendum the Basel Convention on the Control of the Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their disposal because it duly protects its rights as a coastal State in the areas subject to its national jurisdiction, including the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf and, in so far as it is relevant, its airspace, and the exercise in those areas of its legislative and administrative competence in relation to the protection and preservation of the environment, as recognized by international law and, in particular, the law of the sea.
Mexico considers that, by means of this Convention, important progress has been made in protection of the environment through the legal regulation of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes. A framework of general obligations for States parties has been established, fundamentally with a view to reducing to a minimum the generation and transboundary movement of dangerous wastes and ensuring their environmentally rational management, promoting international co-operation for those purposes, establishing co-ordination and follow-up machinery and regulating the implementation of procedures for the peaceful settlement of disputes.
Mexico further hopes that, as an essential supplement to the standard-setting character of the Convention, a protocol will be adopted as soon as possible, establishing, in accordance with the principles and provisions of international law, appropriate procedures in the matter of responsibility and compensation for damage resulting from the transboundary movement and management of dangerous wastes.
22/02/1991 04/05/2005 (a) 23/05/2001 10/02/2003
Micronesia (Federated States of) 06/09/1995 (a) 31/07/2001 15/07/2005

Declarations

1. The Federated States of Micronesia declares in accordance with the provisions of article 25, paragraph 4 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force only upon the deposit of the Federated States of Micronesia's instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession thereto.
2. The Federated States of Micronesia declares in accordance with Article 18, paragraph 2 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants that it accepts both of the means of dispute settlement mentioned in this paragraph as compulsory in relation to any party accepting an obligation concerning one or both of these means of dispute settlement.
Moldova, Republic of 02/07/1998 (a) 27/01/2005 (a)

Declarations

According to article 20 of the Convention, the Republic of Moldova declares that [it] accepts both means of dispute settlement, mentioned in paragraph 2 of the article, as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting the same obligation.
23/05/2001 07/04/2004

Declarations

In accordance with article 18, paragraph 2 of the Convention, the Republic of Moldova accepts both of the means of dispute settlement mentioned in this paragraph as compulsory in relation to any party that accepts the same obligation.
Pursuant to article 25, paragraph 4, of the Convention, any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for the Republic of Moldova only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval with respect thereto.
Monaco 31/08/1992 (a) 23/05/2001 20/10/2004
Mongolia 15/04/1997 (a) 11/09/1998 08/03/2001 17/05/2002 30/04/2004
Montenegro
23/10/2006 (d)

Related notes

10. See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.
30/12/2011 (a) 23/10/2006 (d)

Related notes

31/03/2011

Related notes

5. See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.
Morocco 28/12/1995 (a) 25/04/2011 (a) 23/05/2001 15/06/2004
Mozambique 13/03/1997 (a) 15/04/2010 (a) 23/05/2001 31/10/2005
Myanmar 06/01/2015 (A) 19/04/2004 (a)
Namibia 15/05/1995 (a) 11/09/1998 24/06/2005 24/06/2005 (a)
Nauru 12/11/2001 (a) 09/05/2002 09/05/2002
Nepal 15/10/1996 (a) 09/02/2007 (a) 05/04/2002 06/03/2007
Netherlands 22/03/1989 16/04/1993 (A)

Declarations

17 February 2010
Declaration:
The Kingdom of the Netherlands declares, in accordance with paragraph 3 of Article 20 of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, that it accepts both means of dispute settlement referred to in that paragraph as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting one or both means of dispute settlement.

Related notes

11. For the Kingdom in Europe.
11/09/1998 20/04/2000 (A)

Declarations

Declaration (17 February 2010):
The Kingdom of the Netherlands declares, in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 20 of the Rotterdam Convention on the prior informed consent procedure for certain hazardous chemicals and pesticides in international trade, that it accepts both means of dispute settlement referred to in that paragraph as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting one or both means of dispute settlement.

Related notes

9. For the Kingdom in Europe.
23/05/2001 28/01/2002 (A)

Declarations

The Kingdom of the Netherlands declares, in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 18 of the Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, that it accepts both means of dispute settlement referred to in that paragraph as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting one or both means of dispute settlement.
New Zealand 18/12/1989 20/12/1994

Related notes

12. With a declaration of non-application to Tokelau "until the date of notification by the Government of New Zealand that the Convention shall so extend to Tokelau".
11/09/1998 23/09/2003

Related notes

10. With the following territorial exclusion: ".....consistent with the constitutional status of Tokelau and taking into account the commitment of the Government of New Zealand to the development of self-government for Tokelau through an act of self-determination under the Charter of the United Nations, this ratification shall not extend to Tokelau unless and until a Declaration to this effect is lodged by the Government of New Zealand with the Depositary on the basis of appropriate consultation with that territory."
23/05/2001 24/09/2004

Related notes

6. With the following territorial exclusion:
".....consistent with the constitutional status of Tokelau and taking into account the commitment of the Government of New Zealand the development of self-government for Tokelau through an act of self-determination under the Charter of the United Nations, this ratification shall not extend to Tokelau unless and until a Declaration to this effect is lodged by the Government of New Zealand with the Depositary on the basis of appropriate consultation with that territory."
Nicaragua 03/06/1997 (a) 19/09/2008 (a) 23/05/2001 01/12/2005
Niger 17/06/1998 (a) 16/02/2006 (a) 12/10/2001 12/04/2006
Nigeria 15/03/1990 13/03/1991 28/06/2001 (a) 23/05/2001 24/05/2004
Niue 12/03/2002 02/09/2005
Norway 22/03/1989 02/07/1990

Declarations

Norway accepts the binding means of settling disputes set out in Article 20, paragraphs 3 (a) and (b), of the Convention, by (a) submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice and/or (b) arbitration in accordance with the procedures set out in Annex VI.
11/09/1998 25/10/2001 (A)

Declarations

In accordance with article 20 (2), [Norway declares that], with respect to any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention, it recognizes (b) Submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice.
23/05/2001 11/07/2002
Oman 08/02/1995 (a) 31/01/2000 (a) 04/03/2002 19/01/2005
Pakistan 26/07/1994 (a) 09/09/1999 14/07/2005 06/12/2001 17/04/2008
Palau 08/09/2011 (a) 28/03/2002 08/09/2011
Panama 22/03/1989 22/02/1991 11/09/1998 18/08/2000 23/05/2001 05/03/2003
Papua New Guinea 01/09/1995 (a) 23/05/2001 07/10/2003
Paraguay 28/09/1995 (a) 11/09/1998 18/08/2003 12/10/2001 01/04/2004
Peru 23/11/1993 (a) 11/09/1998 14/09/2005 23/05/2001 14/09/2005
Philippines 22/03/1989 21/10/1993 11/09/1998 31/07/2006 23/05/2001 27/02/2004
Poland 22/03/1990 20/03/1992

Declarations

Declaration:
With respect to article 20, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the Polish Republic declares that it recognizes submission to arbitration in accordance with the procedures and under the conditions set out in Annex VI to the Convention, as compulsory ipso facto.
14/09/2005 (a) 23/05/2001 23/10/2008
Portugal 26/06/1989 26/01/1994

Related notes

5. On 28 June 1999, the Government of Portugal informed the Secretary-General the the Convention would also apply to Macau.
Subsequently, on 9 and 15 December 1999, the Secretary-General received communications concerning the status of Macau from the Governments of the Portugal and China (see also note 3 under "China" and note 1 under "Portugal” regarding Macao in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume). Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Macao, China notified the Secretary-General that the Convention with the will also apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region.
11/09/1998 16/02/2005 (AA) 23/05/2001 15/07/2004 (A)
Qatar 09/08/1995 (a) 10/12/2004 (a) 10/12/2004 (a)
Romania 27/02/1991 (a)

Declarations

Declaration:
In conformity with article 26, paragraph 2, of the Convention, Romania declares that the import and the disposal on its national territory of hazardous wastes and other wastes can take place only with the prior approval of the competent Romanian authorities.
02/09/2003 (a) 23/05/2001 28/10/2004
Russian Federation 22/03/1990 31/01/1995

Declarations

Understanding:
The definition of "Territory" in the Cairo Guidelines and Principles for the Environmentally Sound Management of Hazardous Wastes (UNEP Governing Council decision 14/30 of 17 June 1987) to which reference is made in the preamble to the Convention is a special formulation and cannot be used for purposes of interpreting the present Convention or any of its provisions in the light of article 31, paragraph 2, or article 32 of the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties or on any other basis.
28/04/2011 (a) 22/05/2002 17/08/2011

Declarations

1. The Russian Federation declares that in accordance with paragraph 2 of article 18 of the Convention, with respect to any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention, it recognizes the means of dispute settlement indicated in subparagraphs (a) and (b) of paragraph 2 of article 18 of the Convention as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting the same obligations;
2. The Russian Federation declares that in accordance with paragraph 4 of article 25 of the Convention any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for the Russian Federation only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.
Rwanda 07/01/2004 (a) 07/01/2004 (a) 05/06/2002 (a)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 07/09/1994 (a)

Declarations

Declaration:
With respect to article 20, paragraph 2 of the Convention, the Government of Saint Kitts and Nevis declares that it recognizes submission to arbitration in accordance with the procedures and the conditions set out in Annex VI to the Convention, as compulsory ipso facto.
14/08/2012 (a) 21/05/2004 (a)
Saint Lucia 09/12/1993 (a) 25/01/1999 04/10/2002 (a)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 02/12/1996 (a) 29/10/2010 (a) 15/09/2005 (a)
Samoa 22/03/2002 (a) 30/05/2002 (a) 23/05/2001 04/02/2002
Sao Tome and Principe 12/11/2013 (a) 23/05/2013 (a) 03/04/2002 12/04/2006
Saudi Arabia 22/03/1989 07/03/1990 07/09/2000 (a) 14/03/2002 25/07/2012
Senegal 10/11/1992 (a) 11/09/1998 20/07/2001 23/05/2001 08/10/2003
Serbia 18/04/2000 (a)

Related notes

13. See note 1 under "former Yugoslavia" and note 1 under "Yugoslavia" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.
31/07/2009 (a) 02/05/2002 31/07/2009

Declarations

The Republic of Serbia declares in accordance with Article 18 of the Convention that it accepts both of the means of dispute settlement mentioned in paragraph 2.
Seychelles 11/05/1993 (a) 11/09/1998 25/03/2002 03/06/2008 (a)
Sierra Leone 01/11/2016 (a) 01/11/2016 26/09/2003 (a)
Singapore 02/01/1996 (a)

Declarations

Declaration:
The Government of Singapore declares that, in accordance with article 4 (12), the provisions of the Convention do not in any way affect the exercise of navigational rights and freedoms as provided in international law. Accordingly, nothing in this Convention requires notice to or consent of any State for the passage of a vessel under the flag of a party, exercising rights of passage through the territorial sea or freedom of navigation in an exclusive economic zone under international law.
24/05/2005 (a) 23/05/2001 24/05/2005
Slovakia
28/05/1993 (d)

Related notes

7. Czechoslovakia had acceded to the Convention on 24 July 1991. See note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
26/01/2007 (a) 23/05/2001 05/08/2002

Declarations

See end note 7

Related notes

7. By a communication received on May 2013, the Government of the Slovak Republic informed the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw the following declaration made upon ratification and deposited its instrument of acceptance to the Amendments to Annexes A, B and C of the Convention:
“Pursuant to article 25, paragraph 4, of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the Slovak Republic hereby declares that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for the Slovak Republic only upon the deposit by the Slovak Republic of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto”.
Slovenia 07/10/1993 (a) 11/09/1998 17/11/1999 23/05/2001 04/05/2004

Declarations

In accordance with article 25, paragraph 4 of the Convention, the Republic of Slovenia herewith declares, that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification with respect thereto.
Solomon Islands 28/07/2004 (a)
Somalia 26/07/2010 (a) 26/07/2010 (a) 26/07/2010 (a)
South Africa 05/05/1994 (a) 04/09/2002 (a) 23/05/2001 04/09/2002
Spain 22/03/1989 07/02/1994

Declarations

Declaration:
The Spanish Government declares, in accordance with article 26.2 of the Convention, that the criminal characterization of illegal traffic in hazardous wastes or other wastes, established as an obligation of States Parties under article 4.3, will in future take place within the general framework of reform of the substantive criminal legal order.
11/09/1998 02/03/2004 23/05/2001 28/05/2004

Declarations

Any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for Spain only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.
Declaration:
In the event that the Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants should in any way result in actions related to Gibraltar, Spain wishes to make the following declaration:
1. Gibraltar is a Non-Self-Governing Territory for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible and which is subject to a process of decolonization in accordance with the relevant decisions and resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly.
2. The Gibraltar authorities are local in character and exercise an exclusively domestic jurisdiction that originates in and is based on the powers allocated to and conferred on them by the United Kingdom, in accordance with its domestic law and in its capacity as the sovereign State upon which depends the said Non-Self-Governing Territory.
3. Consequently, any involvement by the Gibraltar authorities in the implementation of this Convention shall be understood to take place exclusively within the framework of the domestic jurisdiction of Gibraltar and shall not be considered to affect in any way the content of the two preceding paragraphs.
4. The procedure envisaged in the “Agreed Arrangements relating to Gibraltar Authorities in the Context of Certain International Treaties (2007)”, signed by Spain and the United Kingdom on 19 December 2007, together with the “Agreed Arrangements relating to Gibraltar Authorities in the Context of EU and EC Instruments and Related Treaties”, of 19 April 2000, shall be applicable to the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, adopted on 22 May 2001.
Sri Lanka 28/08/1992 (a) 19/01/2006 (a) 05/09/2001 22/12/2005
State of Palestine 02/01/2015 (a)
Sudan 09/01/2006 (a) 17/02/2005 (a) 23/05/2001 29/08/2006
Suriname 20/09/2011 (a) 30/05/2000 (a) 22/05/2002 20/09/2011
Swaziland 08/08/2005 (a) 24/09/2012 (a) 13/01/2006 (a)
Sweden 22/03/1989 02/08/1991 11/09/1998 10/10/2003 23/05/2001 08/05/2002
Switzerland 22/03/1989 31/01/1990 11/09/1998 10/01/2002 23/05/2001 30/07/2003
Syrian Arab Republic 11/10/1989 22/01/1992 11/09/1998 24/09/2003

Declarations

The Government of the Syrian Arab Republic has reviewed the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade, which was signed in 1998. Having given it thorough consideration:
It declares that it has already ratified the above-mentioned Convention by virtue of legislative decree No. 35 of 13 July 2003, and that it will fully comply with and respect all its provisions, while confirming that the ratification of this Convention by the Syrian Arab Republic does not in any way constitute a recognition of Israel, and that the provisions of the Convention do not imply that the Syrian Arab Republic has to deal with that State.
15/02/2002 05/08/2005

Declarations

The ratification of the Syrian Arab Republic to this Convention shall in no way signify the recognition of Israel or entail entry into any dealings with Israel in the context of the provisions of this Convention.
Tajikistan 30/06/2016 (a) 28/09/1998 21/05/2002 08/02/2007
Tanzania, United Republic of 07/04/1993 (a) 11/09/1998 26/08/2002 23/05/2001 30/04/2004
Thailand 22/03/1990 24/11/1997 19/02/2002 (a) 22/05/2002 31/01/2005
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 16/07/1997 (a) 12/08/2010 (a) 23/05/2001 27/05/2004
Togo 02/07/2004 (a) 09/09/1999 23/06/2004 23/05/2001 22/07/2004
Tonga 26/03/2010 (a) 31/03/2010 (a) 21/05/2002 23/10/2009
Trinidad and Tobago 18/02/1994 (a) 16/12/2009 (a) 13/12/2002 (a)
Tunisia 11/10/1995 (a) 11/09/1998 09/02/2016 23/05/2001 17/06/2004
Turkey 22/03/1989 22/06/1994 11/09/1998 23/05/2001 14/10/2009
Turkmenistan 25/09/1996 (a)
Tuvalu 19/01/2004 (a)
Uganda 11/03/1999 (a) 18/08/2008 (a) 20/07/2004 (a)
Ukraine 08/10/1999 (a) 06/12/2002 (a) 23/05/2001 25/09/2007
United Arab Emirates 22/03/1989 17/11/1992 10/09/2002 (a) 23/05/2001 11/07/2002
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 06/10/1989

Declarations

Declaration made upon signature and confirmed upon ratification:
The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland declare that, in accordance with article 4 (12), the provisions of the Convention do not affect in any way the exercise of navigational rights and freedoms as provided for in international law. Accordingly, nothing in this Convention requires notice to or consent of any state for the passage of hazardous wastes on a vessel under the flag of a party, exercising rights of passage through the territorial sea or freedom of navigation in an exclusive economic zone under international law.
07/02/1994

Related notes

6. On 6 and 10 June 1997, the Secretary-General received communications concerning the status of Hong Kong from the Governments of the United Kingdom and China (see also note 2 under "China" and note 2 under "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" regarding Hong Kong in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume). Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, China notified the Secretary-General that the Convention will also apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
14. On 14 September 2007, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland informed the Secretary-General that it "wishes the United Kingdom's ratification of the Convention ... to be extended to Jersey for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible.
The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal ... to Jersey to take effect from the date of deposit of this notification , ... ."
"In accordance with Article 5, paragraph 2 of the Convention, the competent authorities designated by the United Kingdom for Jersey are:
Minister for Planning and Environment: Assistant Director, Environmental Protection, Howard Davis Farm, La Rue de la Trinite, Trinity, Jersey JE3 5JP."
15. In respect of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the British Antarctic Territory.
Subsequently, on 30 October 1995, the Government of the the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland notified the Secretary-General that the Convention shall apply to Hong Kong, being a territory for whose international relations the Government of the United Kingdom is responsible.
On 6 July 2001, the Secretary-general received from the Government of Argentina, the following communication:
Following the notification by the Environment Agency of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland of the possible transit of a cargo of hazardous wastes, the Government of Argentina rejected the British attempt to apply the above-mentioned Convention to the Malvinas Islands, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, as well as to the surrounding maritime spaces and to the Argentine Antarctic Sector.
The Argentine Republic reaffirms its sovereignty over the Malvinas Islands, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime spaces and rejects any British attempt to apply the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal of 22 March 1989 to the said Territories and maritime spaces.
It also wishes to recall that the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted resolutions 2065 (XX), 3160 (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12, 39/6, 40/21, 41/40, 42/19 and 43/25, which recognize the existence of a dispute over sovereignty and request the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to initiate negotiations with a view to finding the means to resolve peacefully and definitively the pending problems between both countries, including all aspects on the future of the Malvinas Islands, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.
Further, on 12 December 2001, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and North Ireland informed the Secretary-General that “the Convention shall extend to the Isle of Man for whose international relations the Government of the United Kingdom is responsible” (on 27 November 2002: designation of authority: Department of Local Government and the Environment, Murray House, Mount Havelock, Douglas, Isle of Man, IM1 2SF).
On 27 November 2002: on behalf of the Bailiwick of Guernsey. (designation of authority: “Board of Health, David Hughes, Chief Executive, States of Guernsey Board of Health, John Henry House, Le Vauquiedor, St Martin’s, Guernsey, GY4 6UU).
On 6 September 2006: in respect of Akrotiri and Dhekelia.
"In accordance with Article 5 paragraph 2 of the Convention, the competent authorities designated by the United Kingdom for the Sovereign Base Areas of Dhekelia and Akrotiri are:
Sovereign Base Areas:
Competent Authority for the Western Sovereign Base Area: Area Officer (Mr Kyprianos Matheou), Area Office, Akrotiri, BFPO 57 (telephone 00357 2527 7290).
Competent Authoriy for Eastern Sovereign Base Area: Area Officer (Mr Christakis Athanasiou), Area Office, Dhekelia, BFPO 58 (telephone 00357 2474 4558).
British Forces Cyprus:
Competent Authority: Defence Estates Support Manager (Mr P Pashas), Block D, Headquarters, British Forces Cyprus, Episkopi, BFPO 53 (telephone 00357 2596 2329).
The Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, United Kingdom, is the focal point for the purposes of Article 5 of the Convention."
11/09/1998 17/06/2004 11/12/2001 17/01/2005
United States of America 22/03/1990

Related notes

16. On 13 March 1996, the Secretary-General received from the Government of the United States of America, the following communication:
"(1) It is the understanding of the United States of America that, as the Convention does not apply to vessels and aircraft that are entitled to sovereign immunity under international law, in particular to any warship, naval auxiliary, and other vessels or aircraft owned or operated by a State and in use on government, non-commercial service, each State shall ensure that such vessels or aircraft act in a manner consistent with this Convention, so far as is practicable and reasonable, by adopting appropriate measures that do not impair the operations or operational capabilities of sovereign immune vessels.
(2) It is the understanding of the United States of America that a State is a 'Transit State' within the meaning of the Convention only if wastes are moved, or are planned to be moved, through its inland waterways, inland waters, or land territory.
(3) It is the understanding of the United States of America that an exporting State may decide that it lacks the capacity to dispose of wastes in an 'environmentally sound and efficient manner' if disposal in the importing country would be both environmentally sound and economically efficient.
(4) It is the understanding of the United States of America that article 9 (2) does not create obligations for the exporting State with regard to cleanup, beyond taking such wastes back or otherwise disposing of them in accordance with the Convention. Further obligations may be determined by the parties pursuant to article 12.
Further, at the time the United States of America deposits its instrument of ratification of the Basel Convention, the United States will formally object to the declaration of any State which asserts the right to require its prior permission or authorization for the passage of vessels transporting hazardous wastes while exercising, under international law, its right of innocent passage through the territorial sea or freedom of navigation in an exclusive economic zone."
11/09/1998 23/05/2001
Uruguay 22/03/1989

Declarations

Upon signature:
Uruguay is signing ad referendum the Convention on the Control of the Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal because it is duly protecting its rights as a riparian State in the areas subject to its national jurisdiction, including the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf and, as appropriate, the superjacent air space as well as the exercise in such areas of its standard-setting and administrative competence in connection with the protection and preservation of the environment as recognized by international law and, in particular, by the law of the sea.
20/12/1991 11/09/1998 04/03/2003 23/05/2001 09/02/2004
Uzbekistan 07/02/1996 (a)
Vanuatu 21/05/2002 16/09/2005

Declarations

That in relation to paragraph 4 of Article 25 of the Convention, any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall bind the Republic of Vanuatu only upon its deposit of an instrument of ratification or accession with respect to such amendments.
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 22/03/1989

Declarations

Upon signature:
Venezuela considers that the Convention [as] adopted properly protects its sovereign rights as a riparian State over the areas under its national jurisdiction, including its territorial sea, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf, and, as appropriate, its air space. The Convention also safeguards the exercise in such areas of its standard-setting and administrative jurisdiction for the purpose of protecting and preserving the environment and its natural resources in accordance with international law, and in particular the law of the sea.
03/03/1998 19/04/2005 (a) 23/05/2001 19/04/2005

Declarations

In accordance with article 25, paragraph 4 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela declares that any amendment to Annex A, B, or C shall enter into force for the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela only after it has deposited its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.
Viet Nam 13/03/1995 (a) 07/05/2007 (a) 23/05/2001 22/07/2002
Yemen 21/02/1996 (a) 04/02/2006 (a) 05/12/2001 09/01/2004
Zambia 15/11/1994 (a) 28/01/2011 (a) 23/05/2001 07/07/2006
Zimbabwe 01/03/2012 (a) 01/03/2012 (a) 23/05/2001 01/03/2012


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